Alfred Adler Institutes of San Francisco and Northwestern Washington

Remembrances of Alfred Adler,
Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung,
and Other Pioneers in Psychology

An Interview With Sophia de Vries

New Online Video!

Highlights of Her 47 Years of Practicing Adlerian Psychology, Including Recollections of: Charlotte Bühler - Rudolf Dreikurs - August Eichorn - Martha Holub - Ludwig Klages - Fritz Künkel - Ida Loewy - Maria Montessori - Alexander Müller - Edward Schneider - Lydia Sicher - Blanche Weill

Sophia De Vries Interviewed by Henry Stein, on May 20, 1980, in San Francisco

Copyright 1996, Henry T. Stein, Ph.D., Reproduction Prohibited Without Permission


  • Education in Holland Working with difficult children,
  • Discovering Adler's ideas through Fritz Künkel,
  • Künkel popularized Adlerian ideas,
  • Started studying Adlerian psychology in 1934,
  • Lydia Sicher, faithful defender of Adlerian Psychology,
  • Adler's conflict with Freud,
  • Neo-Freudians now closer to Adler
  • Summer lectures with Sicher
  • Study analysis with Sicher
  • Friendship and supervision with Alexander Müller
  • Teaching Adlerian Psychology in Holland
  • Müller very philosophical
  • Ortega y Gasset similar to Adler
  • Existentialism
  • Visit with Müller in Zurich
  • For original Adlerians, helping people came first, not making money
  • Much of Müller's and some of Sicher's work not yet translated
  • Studying with Charlotte Bühler at her clinic
  • Bühler-Hetzer developmental test for children
  • Adlerian child guidance clinics
  • Ida Loewy and Martha Holub
  • Ida Loewy's work with children
  • Children brought other children to clinics
  • Adler's lectures in Holland for professionals
  • Following Adler around Europe
  • Exposure to Freudian ideas
  • Freudian lecturer, August Eichorn
  • Rudolf Dreikurs more rigid and strict than other Adlerians
  • Karl Bühler
  • Dutch Adlerians form a group
  • Adler's theories banned during the war
  • Adlerians practiced in secret during war
  • Fooling the Nazis
  • Dutch Adlerians active again after war
  • Adlerian programs for judges, educators, doctors, and social workers
  • Guest lectures by Adler, Jung, Klages, and others
  • Refusing oath of allegiance to Hitler
  • Jung's knowledge of history
  • Results of Jung's cases
  • Adler's ideas more practical than Jung's
  • Klages'ideas about character and handwriting
  • Comparisons of Jung and Adler
  • Professor Aldervelt
  • Adler's humor
  • First meeting with Adler
  • Adler's lecture style
  • Adler adjusted to audience
  • Adler lectured without notes
  • Sitting with Adler in coffee shops
  • Adler's phenomenal memory
  • Example of Adler's style of dealing with adversary
  • Adler's case load
  • Adler knew about his heart condition
  • Adler's casual appearance
  • Adler's secretary
  • Anecdote about Adler's lecture that upset some Freudians
  • de Vries advises Adler of his impact on audience
  • Adler apologizes to audience for jokes
  • de Vries immigration to United States in 1948
  • Practiced in Southern California
  • Moved to Oakland in 1954
  • Adlerian group in Los Angeles
  • Work at Lincoln Child Center with disturbed children
  • San Francisco Bay Area Adlerian Group
  • Edward Schneider
  • Blanche Weill
  • Maria Montessori
  • Meeting of Adler and Montessori
  • Montessori schools in the United States
  • Need for creativity
  • Photograph of Sophia de Vries
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